Workshop 05b: Remoscopes/ Video projections

In week 6’s workshop, we will explore the construction of an image through making remoscopes (sometimes called, Lumiere films). We explore the conceptual, aesthetic, and technical characteristics of the digital video medium. How do aspects in the moving image such as framing, composition, and the tension between movement and stillness contribute to the meaning of the image as pictorial representation. We will also consider the rule-based practice as an approach that engenders enabling constraints in creative works.

Discuss: the moving image

What are some of the conceptual/ aesthetics considerations when constructing an image?

  • Subject
  • framing/ composition
  • depth of field
  • Colour
  • ‘feel or mood’
  • lighting/ light source


What are the some of the technical considerations?

  • focus
  • aperture/ exposure
  • shutter speed
  • shooting format
  • aspect ratio
  • camera movement: hand-held, stationary, tracking, panning, zooming etc.

What do these factor affect the image quality and what they convey?


Watch and discuss: Remoscopes/ Lumiere films


  • Describe what you see in these works.
  • Describe your experience of watching the works (e.g. boredom, surprise, impatience, peacefulness)
  • Do these works make you think about other things? What kind of things? (e.g. reminds you of a trip, your pet)


Rules of Remoscopes:

  • 1 min in duration
  • fixed/ stationary camera
  • no sound
  • no zoom
  • no edit
  • no effect

These rules were ’established’ by the Lumiere Brothers’ cinematographe (as a result of technical limitation rather than a deliberate formal exercise)

The makers/ contributors of remoscopes form a global community


Activity: A one minute window

Make a remoscope as an exercise in composition and duration:

  • how to use the frame to convey narrative
  • how to use 1 minute to convey narrative
  • finding the narrative in that window of time and space
  1.  In a group of 3, take a digital video camera and a tripod and walk to a location outside of the campus (e.g Puckeys Estate Reserve, Fairy Meadow industrial areas). You can use your own video camera/ smart phone to shoot as long as this can be fixed/ kept stationary when you are shooting and the recorded work can be uploaded.
  2. Plan and take turns to shoot your 1 minute of remoscope/ lumiere film (hint: you can shoot more than 1 minute and you can shoot more than once).
  3. Return to lab and bring your footage across to the computer.
  4. Your final work should be 1 minute long (while you do not edit, you may choose the start and end to your 1 minute). Export your work using the Vimeo’s recommended settings.
  5. Upload your work to Vimeo and post link to subject website.


Watch and discuss:

Watch all the works produced in class.


  • Which work do you find the most compelling and why?
  • Describe your experience with one of the works.
  • What is the most challenging part of making a remoscope?
  • What do you have in mind when you chose a subject to focus on?

What is a rationale of such an exercise?

  • an exercise to discover the medium, its characteristics and capabilities
  • working within a discipline
  • limitations can spur creativity
  • limitations show possibilities


Historical significance of other rule-based works:

Example 1: manifestos in modern art, film, criticism, literature

  • signify a break with the past/ tradition
  • attempt to forge a new direction for the future

Example 2: Japanese poetic form, Haiku

  • 5-7-5 syllables structure
  • to condense/ distill experience and its expression

Example 3: Danish/ international: Dogme 95 with

  • a whole set rules in response to narrative filmmaking

Example 4: Oulipo: An international literary group founded in France

  • they create texts built around ‘constraints’
  • often apply mathematical formulas to literary creation
  • “the seeking of new structures and patterns which may be used by writers in any way they enjoy”

Danish filmmaker, one of the founders of Dogme95, Lars Von Triers, in the making of the work,Dogville
[Lars von Triers]


  • Research essay
  • Major Project research
  • Post remoscopes onto Vimeo and linked to subject website